①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。
1.①Politics or, more broadly, the functioning of the state, is a major subject for journalists.②The better informed they are about the way the state works, the better their reporting will be.③In fact, it is difficult to see how journalists who do not have a clear grasp of the basic features of the Canadian Constitution can do a competent job on political stories.
①But in dealing with the young, the fact of association itself as an immediate human fact, gains in importance.②While it is easy to ignore in our contact with them the effect of our acts upon their disposition, it is not so easy as in dealing with adults.③The need of training is too evident and the pressure to accomplish a change in their attitude and habits is too urgent to leave these consequences wholly out of account.
①The subtle and intelligent little book The Marketplace of Ideas: Reform and Resistance in the American University should be read by every student thinking of applying to take a doctoral degree.②They may then decide to go elsewhere.③For something curious has been happening in American Universities, and Louis Menand, a professor of English at Harvard University, captured it skillfully.④His concern is mainly with the humanities: Literature, languages, philosophy and so on.⑤These are disciplines that are going out of style: 22% of American college graduates now major in business compared with only 2% in history and 4% in English。
二.由单亲家庭构成：consistof one-parent households
2.①Furthermore, the legal system and the events which occur within it are primary subjects for journalists.②While the quality of legal journalism varies greatly, there is an undue reliance amongst many journalists on interpretations supplied to them by lawyers.③While comment and reaction from lawyers may enhance stories, it is preferable for journalists to rely on their own notions of significance and make their own judgments.④These can only come from a well-grounded understanding of the legal system.
3.XKF会对青少年发案率发生影响：XKFis thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。
一.在和青年接触时：in dealing with the young
一.这本精妙的、睿智的小书：the subtle and intelligent little book(subtle=very clever in noticing and understanding things)
1.广义上说：…, more broadly,…
二.X的重大日益增长：X gain in importance
二.发出了某种巧妙的业务：something curious has been happening
5.直接的因果报应关系还尚无树立起来：adirect causal relationship has not yet been established
二.对……缺少清楚驾驭：do not have a clear grasp of…
三.在大家与他们的触发中：in our contact with them
三.敏锐地捕捉到了这或多或少：capture it skillfully
3.能胜任职业：can do a competent job
四.我们的表现对他们的性子所发生的震慑：the effect of our acts upon their disposition
四.过时的科目：disciplines that are going out of style
肆.某人过分正视某事：there is an undue reliance amongst somebody on something
五.很精晓，培养和训练是急需的：the need of training is too evident
伍.United States一级大学：leading American universities
八.某事发生尤为多：thegrowing incidence of something
陆.转移态度和习于旧贯：accomplish a change in their attitude and habits